Rosacea is an inflammatory condition that affects the face. It tends to be more common in patients with fair skin. It causes facial redness and is sometimes associated with red spots and pustules, and as it progresses it causes small blood vessels to develop that cause persistent redness. It is associated with flushing and the redness can be worse after drinking alcohol, eating spicy foods and sudden changes in temperature. In some individuals it can result in a red, swollen nose (rhinophyma).
Rosacea treatments that are available include sun blocks (as rosacea tends to be made worse in the long term by sun damage), prescriptive creams, short courses of antibiotics and sometimes Roaccutane®. Additional treatments that can help rosacea include blue and red light emitting diodes and vascular lasers (including pulse dye, KTP and long pulse Nd-YAG laser/Laser Genesis) and Intense Pulsed Light (Lumecca). All these rosacea treatments are available from our dermatologist and can be tailor-made according to the individual’s problem.
Other causes of facial redness include seborrhoeic dermatitis (usually red scaly patches over the eyebrows and around the sides of the nose which can be associated with a tendency to dandruff), or an allergic contact dermatitis (usually a itchy, red, and sometimes weeping rash) caused by allergy to a product coming into contact with the skin. If an allergic contact dermatitis is suspected, then allergy testing using patch tests can be helpful.